CALLIANDRA CALOTHYRSUS PDF

Calliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (Meisn.) Barneby Anneslia confusa ( Sprague & Riley) Britton & Rose Calliandra similis Sprague & Riley Anneslia similis. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small, thornless, often multistemmed shrub. Under optimum conditions it can attain a height of 12 m and a. Common Name: Red Calliandra. Calliandra calothyrsus. Often grown as a fuelwood crop and as an ornamental, it has escaped from cultivation and invaded .

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It grows from sea level up to an altitude of m, but does better up to m. It can tolerate a 3 – 6 month dry period[ ]. Chopping stems and leaves may result in excellent palatability Nyeko et al. Calliandra leaves, pods [15] and young shoots provide a high valuable protein source for animals. Milk yield of lactating goats receiving calliandra was only moderately lower when wilted than when given fresh Tuwei et al. Kleinhoonte Anneslia calothyrus Meisn. Cattle direct grazing calliandra over a month period in Indonesia gained 0.

The disappearance of dry matter, nitrogen and amino acids in the gastrointestinal tract from Calliandra leaves. Coppice trees to 1 m prior to the wet season to stimulate flower production.

Factsheet – Calliandra calothyrsus (Calliandra)

It can negatively impact upon biodiversity by displacing native species. Naturally well suited to the light-textured slightly acidic soils of volcanic origin.

Effect of the tropical forage calliandra on microbial protein synthesis and ecology calliandr the rumen. To prevent leaf loss in the dry season, cut at the end of the wet season. Corticium salmonicola and Xylaria spp. Plant and animal families Plant and animal species. F and Rika, I. Capothyrsus, Calliandra houstoniana var. Good source of the vitamin carotene.

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Calliandra forage is a good source of protein for ruminants, but its high tannin content may or may not be detrimental, depending on the callianda. Harvesting between 2 and 4 months resulted in both high biomass and a high nutritive value Kabi et al. It must be pruned regularly so that it does not over-shade other crops Wiersum et al.

It can be regularly coppiced to provide firewood. Oxford University Press, UK.

More recently it has been introduced to other areas of South-east Asia and is also under experimental evaluation in Africa, Australia, Brazil, Bolivia calothyrsud Hawaii Ella et al.

Tannin concentration was shown to increase with age of regrowth Dzowela et al. In Zimbabwe, air-dried calliandra was found to be less efficient than leucaena when supplementing maize silage in dairy diets Maasdorp et al. The fruits are broadly linear, flattened, pubescent, calliahdra pods, cm long x 1 cm broad, and brown in colour. Well-fertilised soil will increase the production of hermaphrodite flowers.

Despite this, reasonable animal production is achieved where calliandra has been adopted as a supplement to poor quality basal diets or as a partial replacement of concentrate feeds.

High levels of seed production in Central America. Seed aclliandra occurs after 4 days and continues for 21 days with most seed germinating between 10 – 25 days from sowing[ ]. It is a useful nurse tree for partially shade-tolerant timber trees such as Agathis Orwa et al.

Calliandra does not withstand frost but is tolerant of dry spells lasting from 1 to 7 months.

Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Click on images to enlarge. It can be controlled by callaindra herbicides.

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Calliandra (Calliandra calothyrsus) | Feedipedia

Significant pests and diseases are starting to appear on calliandra in east Africa, particularly Uganda, including heavy infestation by a scale insect Pulvinarisca jacksonisevere and sudden dieback of uncertain cause on unpruned trees at about two years old. Provenances vary in palatability to some extent.

Effect of the tropical tannin-rich shrub legumes Calliandra calothyrsus and Flemingia macrophylla on methane emission and nitrogen and energy balance in growing lambs. A review of research calthyrsus the University of Queensland. Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value. AgREN, network paper Nocalthyrsus p. Calliandra calothyrsus forage for the tropics – a current assessment.

It is compatible with crops, with both deep roots and extensive fibrous roots.

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It produces high quality fuelwood which can be harvested on an annual coppice rotation. Pollination calliandra achieved in the native range by hawkmoths and bats. National Academy of Sciences Animal Production in Australia 22, pp. Effects of purified condensed tannins extracted from Calliandra, Flemingia and Leucaena on ruminal and postruminal degradation of soybean meal as estimated in vitro.

The plant can produce 14 tonnes per hectare of charcoal annually[ ]. Once the species is mycorrhizal, growth is vigorous and the tree reaches a height of 3. Fruits ripen 3 months after anthesis[ ].

Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Genus Calliandra. Composition and degradability of different fractions of Calliandra leaves, calliandga and seeds.