Lactantius, On the Death of the Persecutors, (Lact. DM ). Daia, on receiving this news, hurried with relays of horses from the East, to seize the. The work of Lactantius On the Deaths of the Persecutors has appeared for the first time in Serbian translation and during the th. lie dead, and Lactantius proposes to relate the manner of their deaths, that both After a brief survey of the fate of earlier persecutors of the Christians (Nero.

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Lucius Caecilius Firmianus Lactantius c. His most important work is the Institutiones Divinae “The Pegsecutors Institutes”an apologetic treatise intended to establish the reasonableness and truth of Christianity to pagan critics. Lactantius, a Latin -speaking North African of Berber origin, [2] [3] [4] [5] was not born into a Christian family.

Lactantius, On the Deaths of the Persecutors

He was a pupil of Arnobius who taught at Sicca Veneriaan important city in Numidia. In his early life, he taught rhetoric in his native town, which may have been Cirta in Numidia, where an inscription mentions a certain “L.

Lactantius had a successful public career at first. At the request of the Roman Emperor Diocletianhe became an official professor of rhetoric in Nicomedia ; the voyage from Africa is described in his poem Hodoeporicum now lost [7].

There, he associated in the imperial circle with the administrator and polemicist Sossianus Hierocles and the pagan philosopher Porphyry ; he first met Constantineand Galeriuswhom he cast as villain in the persecutions. As a Latin rhetor in a Greek city, he subsequently lived lactxntius poverty according to Saint Jerome and eked out a living by writing until Constantine I became his patron.

On the Death of Persecutors | work by Lactantius |

The persecution forced him to leave Nicomedia and from the outbreak of hostilities until perhaps or he had to live elsewhere.


Lactantius followed Crispus to Trier inwhen Crispus was made Caesar lesser co-emperor and sent to the city. Crispus was put to death by order of his father Constantine I inbut when Lactantius died and under what circumstances are unknown. Like so many of the early Christian authors, Lactantius depended on classical models. The early humanists called him the “Christian Cicero ” Cicero Christianus.

He wrote apologetic works explaining Christianity in terms that would be palatable to educated people who still practiced the traditional religions of the Empire. He defended Christian beliefs against the criticisms of Hellenistic philosophers.

On the Death of Persecutors

His Divinae Institutiones “Divine Institutes” were an early example of a systematic presentation of Christian thought.

He was considered somewhat heretical after his death, but Renaissance humanists took a renewed interest in him, more for his elaborately rhetorical Latin style than for his theology.

His works were copied in manuscript several times in the 15th century and were first printed in by the Germans Arnold Pannartz and Konrad Sweynheim at the Abbey of Subiaco. This edition was the first book printed in Italy to have a date of printing, as well as the first use of a Greek alphabet font anywhere, which was apparently produced in the course of printing, as the early pages leave Greek text blank.

On the Deaths of the Persecutors – Lactantius (Serbian translation)

It was probably the fourth book ever printed in Italy. Like many writers in the first few centuries of the early church, Lactantius took a premillennialist view, holding that the second coming of Christ will precede a millennium or a thousand-year reign of Christ on earth.

According to Charles E. None of the fathers thus far had been more verbose on the subject of the millennial kingdom than Lactantius or more particular in describing the times and events preceding and following.


He held to the literalist interpretation of the millennium, that the millennium originates with the second advent of Christ and marks the destruction of the wicked, the binding of the devil and the raising of the righteous dead.

He depicted Jesus reigning with the resurrected righteous on this earth during the seventh thousand years prior to the general judgment.

In the end, the devil, having been bound during the thousand years, is loosed; the enslaved nations rebel against the righteous, who hide underground until the hosts, attacking the Holy City, are overwhelmed by fire and brimstone and mutual slaughter and buried altogether by an earthquake: Next, God renews the earth, after the punishment of the wicked, and the Lord alone is thenceforth worshiped in the renovated earth.

Lactantius confidently stated that the beginning of the end would be the fall, or breakup, of the Roman Empire. Attempts to determine the time of the End were viewed as in contradiction to Acts 1: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For 4th century author, see Lactantius Placidus. Lactantius and RomeIthaca: Cornell University Press, Retrieved August 29, Retrieved 26 February The Works of Lactantius. The Odes of Solomon. Oxford UP,pp. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote Wikisource. This page was last edited on 11 Decemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

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